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United States v. Baca

United States District Court, D. New Mexico

May 28, 2019

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff,
v.
ANTHONY RAY BACA, a.k.a. “Pup”; CHRISTOPHER GARCIA; MANUEL JACOB ARMIJO, a.k.a. “Big Jake”; FREDERICO MUNOZ, a.k.a. “Playboy”; SERGIO LOYA RODRIGUEZ, a.k.a “Churro”; MANUEL BENITO, a.k.a. “Panther”; VINCENT GARDUÑO, a.k.a. “Fatal”; MANDEL LON PARKER, a.k.a. “Chuco”; DANIEL ARCHULETA, a.k.a. “Smurf”; DANIEL SANCHEZ, a.k.a. “Dan Dan”; ANTHONY A. CORDOVA, a.k.a. “Antone, ” and ARTURO ARNULFO GARCIA, a.k.a. “Shotgun, ” Defendants.

          Fred Federici Attorney for the United States Acting Under Authority Conferred by 28 U.S.C. § 515 Albuquerque, New Mexico -and- Maria Ysabel Armijo Randy M. Castellano Matthew M. Beck Assistant United States Attorneys United States Attorney's Office Las Cruces, New Mexico Attorneys for the Plaintiff

          Theresa M. Duncan Duncan Earnest, LLC Albuquerque, New Mexico -and- Marc M. Lowry Rothstein Donatelli, LLP Albuquerque, New Mexico Attorneys for Defendant Anthony Ray Baca

          Christopher W. Adams The Law Office of Christopher W. Adams, P.C. Charleston, South Carolina and Amy Sirignano Law Office of Amy Sirignano, P.C. Albuquerque, New Mexico Attorneys for Defendant Christopher Garcia

          Todd Bruce Hotchkiss Todd B. Hotchkiss, Attorney at Law, LLC Albuquerque, New Mexico Attorney for Defendant Manuel Jacob Armijo

          Louis E. Lopez, Jr. Louis Lopez Law El Paso, Texas Attorney for Defendant Frederico Munoz

          Donald F. Kochersberger, III Business Law Southwest, LLC Albuquerque, New Mexico and Pamela Sullivan Law Office of Pamela Sullivan Albuquerque, New Mexico Attorneys for Defendant Sergio Loya Rodriguez

          Susan Burgess-Farrell Barrett G. Porter Burgess & Porter Law, LLC Albuquerque, New Mexico Attorneys for Defendant Manuel Benito

          Diego R. Esquibel The Barnett Law Firm Albuquerque, New Mexico and R. Scott Reisch Reisch Law Firm, LLC Denver, Colorado Attorneys for Defendant Vincent Garduño

          Marc Grano Grano Law Offices Las Vegas, New Mexico Attorney for Defendant Mandel Lon Parker

          James Baiamonte Law Office of James P. Baiamonte Esq. Albuquerque, New Mexico and Ahmad Assed Ahmad Assed & Associates Albuquerque, New Mexico Attorneys for Defendant Daniel Archuleta

          Lauren Noriega The Noriega Law Firm Los Angeles, California and Amy E. Jacks Law Office of Amy E. Jacks Los Angeles, California Attorneys for Defendant Daniel Sanchez

          Marcia A. Morrissey Law Office of Marcia A. Morrissey Santa Monica, California and Gregory M. Acton Acton Law Firm P.C. Albuquerque, New Mexico Attorneys for Defendant Anthony A. Cordova

          Scott Moran Davidson The Law Office of Scott M. Davidson Albuquerque, New Mexico and Billy R. Blackburn Billy R. Blackburn Law Office Albuquerque, New Mexico and Laura E. Udall Cooper & Udall, PC Tucson, Arizona Attorneys for Defendant Arturo Arnulfo Garcia

          MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER

         THIS MATTER comes before the Court on: (i) the wording of Jury Instruction Numbers 28 and 29, and of the Special Verdict Form in the Court's Sixth Proposed Jury Instructions at 40-42, 58-59, filed July 20, 2018 (Doc. 861)(“Sixth Proposed Jury Instructions”);[1] and (ii) Defendant Anthony Cordova's objection to the Sixth Proposed Jury Instructions' Jury Instruction No. 30, [2]see Email from Greg Acton to Carol Bevel (sent July 21, 2018), filed July 23, 2018 (Doc. 878)(“Objections”). The primary issues are: (i) whether the Court should change the Sixth Proposed Jury Instructions' language describing the purpose element of Violent Crimes in Aid of Racketeering Activity, 18 U.S.C. § 1959 (“VICAR”), from “as consideration for the receipt of, or as consideration for a promise or agreement to pay, anything of pecuniary value from the charged enterprise, ” Sixth Proposed Jury Instructions Nos. 28-29, Special Verdict Form, at 40, 42, 58, to “as consideration for a promise or agreement to pay anything of pecuniary value from the charged enterprise, ” Court's Seventh Proposed Jury Instructions Nos. 28-29, Special Verdict Form, at 42, 44, 59, filed July 23, 2018 (Doc. 876)(“Seventh Proposed Jury Instructions”); and (ii) whether the Court should add to the first element of the Sixth Proposed Jury Instructions' Instruction No. 30 or the language “as charged in count [2] of the indictment, ” Objections at 2; cf. Tenth Circuit Criminal Pattern Jury Instructions ...


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